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Volume 177 , 1 August 2017, Pages 268-276 Reward-related frontostriatal activity and smoking behavior among adolescents in treatment for smoking cessation Author links open overlay panel Kathleen A.Garrisona One of the first longitudinal fMRI studies of smoking cessation treatment in adolescents. Adolescents show increased non-drug reward-related brain activity pre- to post-treatment. Increases in reward-related brain activity were associated with smoking abstinence. Tobacco use is often initiated during adolescence and continued into adulthood despite desires to quit. A better understanding of the neural correlates of abstinence from smoking in adolescents may inform more effective smoking cessation interventions. Neural reward systems are implicated in tobacco use disorder, and adolescent smokers have shown reduced reward-related ventral striatal activation related to increased smoking. The current study evaluated nondrug reward anticipation in adolescent smokers using a monetary incentive delay task in fMRI pre- and post- smoking cessation treatment (n = 14). This study tested how changes in neural responses to reward anticipation pre- to post-treatment were related to reduced smoking. An exploratory analysis in a larger sample of adolescents with only pre-treatment fMRI (n = 28) evaluated how neural responses to reward anticipation were related to behavioral inhibition and behavioral activation scales.
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NEW YORK: Tobacco giants Altria and BAT are to spend millions of dollars over the next year on self-critical advertising on broadcast television networks and in leading newspapers as part of a legal settlement of a case brought almost 20 years ago. In 1999 the US Department of Justice initiated a lawsuit over misleading statements the industry had made about cigarettes and their health effects; a document filed in the US District Court for the District of Columbia Monday evening by attorneys for Altria, BAT and the Justice Department, outlined the agreement all parties have reached. This involves Altria and BAT buying television spots, mostly on ABC, CBS or NBC, and full print ads in 45 or more newspapers, starting as soon as next month, the Wall Street Journal reported . The TV spots will run in prime time five days a week for 52 weeks, while the print ads will run on five weekends spread over four months and ads will also appear on the newspapers’ websites. These will display court-mandated text , with copy including: “Altria, R.J. Reynolds Tobacco, Lorillard, and Philip Morris USA intentionally designed cigarettes to make them more addictive” and “More people die every year from smoking than from murder, AIDS, suicide, drugs, car crashes, and alcohol, combined” . Altria, which owns Philip Morris USA, estimated that it will spend $31m fulfilling its obligations; BAT declined to cite a figure. “I think they’re getting off kind of lightly,” said John Boiler, co-founder of the 72andSunny agency, which also does work for the anti-tobacco, non-profit Truth campaign. “The good news for the tobacco companies is they’ll avoid a lot of their younger audience,” he explained, since those consumers would be more likely to see a video ad on Facebook than a prime-time TV ad. 2016 research by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta has suggested that younger consumers are more likely to be exposed to ads for e-cigarettes: 70% of US teens had seen ads for e-cigarettes – most often in-store (55%), but also online (40%), on TV or in movies (37%) and in print (30%).
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News Search | All News Topics > Tobacco Industry News Topics : By Country | By State ; Press Releases by Industry Channel > All Tobacco Industry Press Releases Philip Morris International Recognized as Global Leader for Corporate Action on Climate Change for the Third Year Running LAUSANNE, Switzerland--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Oct. 25, 2016-- Philip Morris International Inc. (“PMI”) (NYSE/Euronext Paris: PM) today is recognized as a global leader in its action on climate change. For the third consecutive year, the company is on the CDP’s ‘Climate A List’ for taking comprehensive action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate climate change, and for its transparent disclosure process. CDP, formerly known as the Carbon Disclosure Project, is the leading international not-for-profit organization assessing the work of companies worldwide in the area of climate change. Thousands of businesses submit annual climate disclosures to CDP for independent assessment against its scoring methodology. PMI’s ranking places the company among the top 9% of corporations, known as “A Listers.” CDP’s Climate Change benchmark report is produced at the request of 827 investors with assets of US$100 trillion. Commenting on the results, PMI’s Head of Environmental Sustainability, Andy Harrop, said: “We’re very pleased to be included on the CDP A List again, and remain dedicated to playing our part in limiting global warming. Building on the reduction of 200,000 tons of CO2 since 2010 across our operations, and our continued action to promote sustainable tobacco production and environmental improvements across our value chain, next year we will announce a suite of new targets based directly on climate science.” “PMI encourages strong action on climate change and supported an ambitious outcome to COP21 in Paris last December. With the Paris Agreement now entering into force, we look forward to working with others in facing the challenges and opportunities of climate change mitigation and adaptation.” The Climate A List is released today in CDP’s report, Out of the starting blocks: Tracking progress on corporate climate action, which establishes the baseline for corporate climate action and recognizes that global corporations have started the transition towards a low-carbon economy, with some already capitalizing on the opportunities this affords.
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